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Docs en anglais
publié le 01/08/2008
Document de 10 pages au format WORDTweeter
Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) is one of the main part of the corporate finance world. The aim is to create a bigger company by taking at least two separates companies. Deals can be worth millions of dollars, even billion sometimes (such as the merger between Microsoft and Yahoo! for approximately $44.6 billion).
We often say that the perfect equation for a merger or an acquisition is one plus one makes three. The key principle behind buying a company is to create more value for the shareholders. Two companies together are normally stronger than two companies separate. Both bring its know-how, experience, culture and so on.
There are different reasons why two companies decide to merger or to make an acquisition. It could be because they want to create a more competitive, cost-efficient company, to reduce their costs, for economies of scale reasons as well. Sometimes they know that they can complementary, meaning by merging they can take advantage of both know-how and create a better product because only one company cannot make it by its own.
It is important also, before giving some examples of merger and acquisition to make the distinction between what is a merger and an acquisition.
An acquisition it is when one company takes over another and clearly established itself as the new owner. For example Google's largest acquisition as of March 2008 is the purchase of DoubleClik which is an advertising company.
A merger it is when two companies which most of the time have the same size, agree to go forward as a single new company rather than remain separately owned and operated. For example the merger between Clear Channel and Thomas H. Lee Partners.
In this pre-seminar paper we will analyse five mergers and acquisitions. Google - DoubleClick, BP - Amoco, Rentokil - BET, Air-France - Alitalia, GDF-Suez. (...)
Docs en anglais publié le 01/08/2008
Docs en anglais publié le 15/02/2008
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Docs en anglais publié le 23/01/2008
The external growth consists in developing by acquisition of companies. This strategy makes it possible for the firm to develop and reinforce its competitive position by increasing its size, its market shares, and by acquiring new brands. This strategy also ...
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