84826 documents répartis en 40 catégories
Masquer les catégories
Docs en anglais
publié le 22/08/2012
Document de 7.5 pages au format WORDTweeter
This essay proposes to look at the link between Democracy and Trust from a multidisciplinary approach. It takes into consideration most of the current studies on trust and tries to understand the mechanisms of a trusting democracy. It also tries to answer why democracy needs trust. Finally it develops the philosophical point of view concerning this combination between trust and democracy, in order to complete the analysis found in social sciences.
The problem of Trust has become an important issue within contemporary democracies and thus has been quite recently developed toward political and sociological theories. Furthermore, the concept of trust has gained considerable attention because it seems, according to those works that the general trust is decreasing, making our societies nastier than they used to be and even weakening democracy in parallel with the declines in civic participation.
The purpose of this essay is to understand the links between Democracy and Trust using a multidisciplinary approach. This approach is essential if we want to understand the complex relations embodied by trust. We will thus focus firstly on the analysis made in social sciences – which bring us concrete observations and a broad ground – before trying to see the link between trust and democracy from a philosophical perspective. But before going deeper within this relation, trust itself has to be clarified.
Trust by itself seems to be as complex as our societies according to the amounts of theories, and thus definitions on it. All human actions are oriented toward the future. But in front of the growing uncertainties, complexity and risks of our contemporary societies, the concern with trust has become an important phenomenon for sociology. The future is in many respects uncertain and because of the humanly created uncertainty; we make bets on the action of others and its impact upon my/our well-being.
[...] Thus most of the principles constitutive of democratic order, assume institutionalization of distrust. Sztompka refers to this as the “paradox of democracy” and take in consideration twelve institutionalized distrusts: the principle of legitimacy of a government, the need of periodical elections, the fact that decisions are taken by the majority and collectively, the principle of division and balance of power, a constitutional order and judicial review, the process off litigation when citizens default on their contractual obligations, the possibility of a process of appeal, the existence of fundamental or civic rights, the enforcement of the law (by police, tax collector), the principle of universalism and fairness (against discriminations) and an open communication (...)
Table of Contents:
I) What is Trust?
II) Trust in Democracy
III) A philosophical approach
Docs en anglais publié le 22/08/2012
Docs en anglais publié le 14/03/2008
The economy's financial system exists to organize the settlement of payments, to raise and allocate capitals, and to manage the risks associated with financing and exchange. Thus, a developed system is one that has a secure and efficient payment system, ...
Docs en anglais publié le 24/10/2007
Intercultural management: "Compare and contrast Indian and Japanese culture and their impact on management practices". Extract: The Human Resources Japanese model is based on a long-term employment system. After the...
Philosophie publié le 03/02/2006
What Principles of Justice are underlying Democracy? An analysis through the study of the Classic Utilitarian perspective, Rawls critics and his "justice as fairness" principles and Dworkin analysis of a compensative justice. Extract: According...
Voir toutes les publications de cet auteur
Docs en anglais publié le 03/05/2013
Impinging jets are commonly used in industry especially as they are one of the most effective methods of increasing heat transfer. Thus, this process is particularly suitable for applications where heat transfer plays an important role such as in aerospace,...
Docs en anglais publié le 03/05/2013
With the globalization all countries have to negotiate together in order to satisfy all needs and negotiators have to deal with all nationalities and culture in the world. Some countries have increased their partnerships and negotiate more and more. Consequently,...
A lot of people in the northern countries, and especially citizens are aware that ressources of our earth are unequally spread around the world. The globalisation of the last 60 years has created a market full of cheap products made by Third World countries...
Docs en anglais publié le 28/06/2010
History, background and reasons for the huge international success of Coca Cola. Extrait: Today, we will talk about a famous beverage, or we can say that it is more like a common phenomenon. If you are recognized as...
Cette présentation de type PowerPoint réalisée en anglais étudie les problèmes organisationnels, structurels, culturels et stratégiques soulevés par les fusions des deux groupes Renault et Nissan, et les actions...
Docs en anglais publié le 13/12/2007
Essay dealing with "Number 8", a short story written by Jack Ritchie. The first part introduces the two main characters: a mysterious narrator who is driving a car, and a young hitch hiker he picked up on the road. The setting is disconcerting: they...