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Docs en anglais
publié le 22/08/2012
Document de 6.5 pages au format WORDTweeter
This essay aims to understand the reasons for women's underrepresentation in politics, in four Central Eastern European Countries (CEECs): Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia, all of them constituting the Visegrád Group. To do so, the democratic representation will put in relation with the democratic participation. Is there a correlation between the two which can explain women's underrepresentation in those four countries?
Women's underrepresentation in politics around the world is clearly acknowledged by many researches and surveys made by scholars, NGOs or others independents organizations. If in Europeans countries, the situation seems to be a bit more favorable for women – and if we can see progresses in a slow process – the gap between men and women representation in politics in general, is still huge and visible. I would like here, to focus on four relatively new members of the European Union (EU) and which became democracies after the fall of Berlin's Wall in 1989. Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia were seen as the “champions of democracy” before their accession to the EU in 2004, because of their fast transitions to democratic regimes, compare to their neighbors. But which kind of democracies and most of all what were the places of women have been created in those countries? Is there commonness in this region for women's representation and what are the links between participation and representation there?
In order to answer to those questions we will analyze women's participation in the processes of democratization and confront it with their political representation. We will see that new forms of participation have been created and used by women after the collapse of Communism in those four countries, but that in the same time the simple democratic participation, the vote, is slowly abandoned and unconsidered by citizens. Taking this in consideration we will try to see if there is not a direct link between the low turn-out and the fact that women are underrepresented in those countries. This consideration on women's participation through the analysis of the turn-out is missing in most of the studies concerning this subject of women's representation. This essay does not have the pretention to fill this scientific gap but at least to question it (...)
I) Women's participation in the processes of democratization
II) Link between the low turn-out and underepresentation
Docs en anglais publié le 22/08/2012
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