84847 documents répartis en 40 catégories
Masquer les catégories
Docs en anglais
publié le 04/07/2012
Document de 4 pages au format PDFTweeter
Study on the European Union situation in the Past, Present and Future: choice of a new currency, reasons of the crisis, future possibilities.
Having a common currency between member-states had been a goal of the European Union and its predecessors since the 1960s to get a better co-ordination of economic policies and monetary cooperation1. In 1994, the European Monetary Institute had been created and was the forerunner of the European Central Bank (ECB); the name of “euro” and the date of its launch were found one year later. As a result, these early ideas paved the way of the Euro, but was it really a good idea?
[...] The debt crisis is mainly the result of loss of control of countries in their finances. Then, other European countries had to bail out. But these countries had to show they could handle their economic problem by taking “austerity measures”. In Greece, for instance, many citizens demonstrated great protest as the unemployment rate raised to 20.9%4 (also see Graph 2) in November of 2011 and taxes kept increasing. Other European countries have no choice but to help Greece to recover, otherwise the country would go bankrupt leading others to take harder austerity measures in their home country too.
[...] The Euro zone tried several times to rescue its members. It was the case, for instance, with the €78 billion bailout package that received Portugal in May 2011 and with the €109 billion comprehensive package in favor of Greece in July 2011.13 It was clearly not sufficient. Furthermore, the recent “fiscal pact” signed by the E.U. in January 2012, will probably prevent future opportunities to break budget deficits, but it will not help resolve the current debt crisis.(...)
Table of contents:
A. Why a new currency?
C. Introduction of the Euro
A. Debt crisis
B. Use of Examples: Greece, Portugal or Italy
C. Why a failure?
A. First scenario about the future
B. Second one
Docs en anglais publié le 04/07/2012
Docs en anglais publié le 25/03/2007
Study on the Australian identity. When asking some Australians chosen randomly what does the identity of their country evoke to them, most will answer: multiculturalism. The illustration of this word is obvious when watching a cross-section of young Australians:...
Docs en anglais publié le 13/02/2007
Detailed presentation of the theory of optimal currency areas and the EMU. The presentation demonstrates that the EMU is not an optimal monetary zone. Analysis of the benefits and costs of a Common Currency. The criteria of optimality of a currency area...
Docs en anglais publié le 18/09/2006
This document is a dissertation about the impact of the past on Berlin today. It analyses Berlin as a symbol of the Cold War in order to understand how the German capital reconciles its history. This essay is composed of 1,200 words and can be useful for...
Voir toutes les publications de cet auteur
Docs en anglais publié le 03/05/2013
Impinging jets are commonly used in industry especially as they are one of the most effective methods of increasing heat transfer. Thus, this process is particularly suitable for applications where heat transfer plays an important role such as in aerospace,...
Docs en anglais publié le 03/05/2013
With the globalization all countries have to negotiate together in order to satisfy all needs and negotiators have to deal with all nationalities and culture in the world. Some countries have increased their partnerships and negotiate more and more. Consequently,...
A lot of people in the northern countries, and especially citizens are aware that ressources of our earth are unequally spread around the world. The globalisation of the last 60 years has created a market full of cheap products made by Third World countries...
Docs en anglais publié le 28/06/2010
History, background and reasons for the huge international success of Coca Cola. Extrait: Today, we will talk about a famous beverage, or we can say that it is more like a common phenomenon. If you are recognized as...
Cette présentation de type PowerPoint réalisée en anglais étudie les problèmes organisationnels, structurels, culturels et stratégiques soulevés par les fusions des deux groupes Renault et Nissan, et les actions...
Docs en anglais publié le 13/12/2007
Essay dealing with "Number 8", a short story written by Jack Ritchie. The first part introduces the two main characters: a mysterious narrator who is driving a car, and a young hitch hiker he picked up on the road. The setting is disconcerting: they...